General Department of Forensic Science and Criminology
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Man has known crime since the dawn of humankind during the time of Abel and Cain. The means and methods of crimes are multiple, including killing, theft, armed robbery and terrorism, thus requiring more sophisticated means of detection. The science of forensic evidence is the response to these crimes, offering ways to detect, prevent, search for the truth, and track criminals.

Prehistoric man left fingerprints in his drawings and sculptures on walls, rocks, and caves. The ancient Egyptians and Babylonians knew about human anatomy, and the ancient Greeks knew many types of toxins, classifying them as mineral toxins such as arsenic, mercury, and copper in 44 BC. The Roman physician Instacion uncovered the body of Julius Qasr and found he had sustained 23 wounds, including one in the chest that killed him. The more developed and diversified the means of the crime, the more the science of forensic evidence has developed.

The criminal laboratory opened for the Dubai Police in 1982. At that time, it was affiliated with the General Department of Criminal Investigations. Given the increase and expansion of the scope of work in the field of forensic evidence and the multiplying of criminal work departments, in 2000 AD, the laboratory was renamed the General Administration of Forensic Evidence.

On April 14, 2007, the name of the General Administration of Criminal Evidence and Criminology was changed because it also was using science to investigate crime in addition to its administrative tasks. This science studies criminal phenomena and their causes as related to the person or the environment surrounding him or her in order to determine the motives leading to crime and to combat it and limit its spread. Forensic science employs several disciplines, including psychology and sociology.

On March 30, 2016, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, may God protect and preserve him, opened the new General Department of Criminal Evidence and Criminology. His Highness said, “The General Command of Dubai Police has become all its centers and its departments are a beacon of science, learning, training, and the application of international educational curricula and programs specialized in police, security and legal sciences." His Highness affirmed that the General Command of the Dubai Police in cooperation and coordination with police leaders in the state and the Ministry of Interior will continue to watch over the security and stability of Dubai's society.